Training for your pup should start as soon as you get them home. Training is a lifetime process, not a quick fix. Start with name recognition exercises calling his/her name and rewarding when they respond to it. As well teach your pet that their kennel/crate is his den where he sleeps and naps. Do not put food or water in the crate because your puppy will have no place to eliminate after they eat or drinks except in his/her crate, not to mention the mess they may make if bored. Always give your pet an opportunity to eliminate prior to crating him.
House training is very important; this starts with consistency and supervision. After your pup has eaten wait 20-30 minutes take them outside to a designated area, each time so they learn to do their business. Stay with them encouraging, using your happy voice and possibly a simple command that they can associate with relieving themselves. Always reward with calm praise, a small kibble or treat, and tell them “good puppy”. Take your puppy in immediately, do not extend into an outdoor play session or your puppy will become confused about the purpose of these trips. Other times your puppy may need to eliminate are when they wake in the mornings, after napping, after playing, after having a drink and just before bedtime. Realize accidents will happen and you will need patience. But with calm dedication you will succeed in house training.
Another common issue with puppies is their desire to chew. Recognize that dogs, especially puppies will chew. What you as an owner need to do is encourage chewing of appropriate objects and discourage the chewing of inappropriate items and the nipping or biting of people. The most effective way of doing this is through positive enforcement of the ‘positive chewing’. By ignoring or re-directing ‘negative chewing’. When your puppy is chewing on something they are not supposed to be chewing remove the object or puppy from the object and replace with an acceptable chewing item like a toy. Always praise your pup for accepting the ’positive chew’ item.
Here are more resources on pet behavior:
Dr. Sophiayin Yin, DMV, MS – The Art and Science of Animal Behavior
Calgary Humane Society – Animal Behavior Help
Articles on Animal Behavior – Animal Behavior Resource Institute