Eye problems in senior pets may include cataracts, glaucoma and blindness. Any apparent change in your dog’s ability to see should be investigated. If caught early enough many eye problems can be treated or corrected, avoiding discomfort and pain for the pet, as well decreasing the chance of resulting blindness.
Canine Cognitive Dysfunction occurs as a dog ages. Your pet may display house-training problems (dogs previously house trained now have accidents or wanting to go out at odd times), apparent memory loss, disorientation, confusion, staring, wandering, getting stuck in corners, sleep disturbances (waking at the wrong time, sleeping unusually deeply, night pacing), restlessness, barking, separation anxiety, panting, drooling, obsessive licking, etc. Progression of clinical signs is very gradual; most owners fail to recognize the early stages. As well these can be symptomatic of other diseases, which need to be ruled out before beginning treatment for Canine Cognitive Dysfunction. Treatment can be medical, dietary, or environmental. Medication can be used in dogs by prolonging dopamine production which is thought to reduce the amount of free radicals in the brain. Dietary changes can also help. Therapeutic diets (such as Prescription B/D) that contain antioxidants (mixed tocopherols, vitamin C, beta-carotene, carotenoids, and flavonoids), mitochondrial cofactors, and omega-3 fatty acids (EPA, DHA) may be recommended. Environmental treatments include stimulating your pet and teach them new things it helps keep the brain active. Teaching certain hand signals this may help if your dog goes deaf (which is common in the aging process), as well stimulating through touch to help to guide your dog in case of blindness. In most cases a veterinarian will incorporate all 2-3 types of treatment for you dog to aid in the treatment of Canine Cognitive Dysfunction.